This story is part of, CNET’s collection of practical advice for getting the most out of your home, inside and out.
The holidays are here, but so is the cold weather. Snow, freezing temperatures and harsh winds have already visited and will again. While you probably aren’t out working out in your flowerbeds this time of year, by planning for it, you can save yourself some work in the spring.
Planting hardy plants is one way to make sure you won’t lose them over the winter. Luckily, there are plenty of such plants to choose from. So many, in fact, that you won’t have to limit yourself: whether its color, size, leaf structure or even edible fruit you’re looking for, you can find an option among these freeze-proof plants. I’ve highlighted 10 plants to get you started and outlined what you need to know to find others. Come spring you won’t have to put in the time and money to replant your flower beds.
If you’re looking for other yard and garden tips, learn how to, why you’ll and .
How cold is your winter likely to get?
To know which plants will survive winter where you live, you’ll need to know how bad winter is likely to get. To help people determine that, the US Department of Agriculture has divided North America into distinct. TL;DR: The lower the number, the colder it’s likely to get in that zone.
And, to make your plant shopping even easier, plants are rated for hardiness zones. A check out the detailed map.is good for zones 8 to 11 (mostly the South and parts of the West Coast), works in zones 4 through 8 (most of the continental US except some of the most northern and southern parts) and a Fuji apple tree is rated for zones 5 to 10. To check your location’s USDA hardiness zone,
It pays to take a close look. When I moved just a couple of miles in Michigan, I switched to a different hardiness zone.
The USDA zones aren’t the only factors you should consider in choosing plants, though. Local gardeners and nurseries can share firsthand knowledge of what works in your area and what’s doomed to fail. A local expert might have a better grasp on microclimates and unique gardening challenges in your area. Temperature isn’t the only factor when it comes to healthy plants: soil type, moisture and sunlight all play a role, too.
When it comes to surviving the rigors of winter, though, here are a few that will keep coming back, even after the coldest, snowiest winters.
Plants that can survive extra-cold winters
Rhododendrons are a group of flowering shrubs that are known for their showy pink springtime flowers. Even after their blooms have faded for the season, they have waxy green leaves year round. Depending on the variety, rhododendrons are hardy enough to survive all the way to zone 4.
Daffodils, crocuses and tulips
These three bulbs are the essence of spring for some people. Hardy all the way to zone 3, they actually do better with cold winters. These plants need cold weather to bloom well in the spring, thanks to a chemical reaction that takes place when the soil temperature is below 55 degrees, according to the Amsterdam Tulip Museum.
Shade-loving hostas will die back in the winter, but come back to life in the spring. Varieties are hardy all the way to zone 3.
Bleeding hearts sound fragile, and with their rows of pink heart-shaped flowers, they look a little fragile, too. But these flowers, which also die back each winter, are hardy from zone 8 all the way to zone 2. That means you can grow them in the coldest parts of the continental US.
Varieties of irises — and there are a lot of them — are commonly hardy from zones 3 through 9 (though some are only safe bets to zone 4). Bearded or not, there are varieties that can likely match your winter.
Daylilies are often chosen for landscaping by intersections or commercial buildings because they’re tough and require little care. That’s true when it comes to surviving winter, too. Daylilies are generally hardy from zones 4 to 9, making them a good fit for a lot of places. The 35,000 varieties of daylilies will have different climate preferences, so be sure to check first.
Lilacs are another plant that prefers a colder winter. These shrubs are hardy from zones 3 to 7 and pack one of the most potent perfume punches of all garden plants.
Hydrangeas, depending on the variety, are hardy down to zone 3. The long-blooming, perennial shrub is also a bit of a chemical chameleon. Its bloomsof the soil it’s planted in.
Don’t just guess at what’s going on in your soil, actually measure it. Things like pH and the availability of certain nutrients can affect the health of your plants. Testing pH is actually fairly simple with an at-home meter. This meter measures pH, but also moisture and light.
You’re receiving price alerts for SONKIR Soil pH Meter, MS02 3-in-1 Soil Moisture/Light/pH Tester Gardening Tool Kits for Plant Care, Great for Garden, Lawn, Farm, Indoor & Outdoor Use (Green)
For lovers of succulents, sedum is the outdoor answer to your crowded windowsills. Sedum has the fleshy leaves of succulents and, depending on the variety, delicate blooms. Some sedums are hardy to zone 3.
Blueberry bushes will provide a sweet summer crop of berries and nice fall colors year after year. Certain varieties are hardy to zone 3, but be sure to check. Buying from a local nursery can help ensure you get plants suitable to your area.
Plant native species to beat the winter
If you’re looking for plants that are capable of beating winter in your area, why not look to plants adapted to your specific area? Native plants have spent thousands of years thriving in their historic range. That means native species have survived each of those winters, including historically severe ones.
Native plants might be a bit harder to find than their sometimes flashier ornamental counterparts, but local conservation organizations are a good place to start. The National Audubon Society will help you find native plants with just your ZIP code. These selections unsurprisingly skew toward those that help birds. The National Wildlife Federation will help you find plants that help butterflies.
While native plants are often pitched as being good for wildlife, including pollinators, they can also be very pretty. Even if you just want a good looking set of flowerbeds, native plants can get you there while weathering winter after winter.
For more gardening tips, check out our picks for, and .